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Download Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite (Reprint Edition) by Robert D. Kaplan PDF

By Robert D. Kaplan

A tight-knit team heavily associated through intermarriage in addition to type and old-fashioned ties, the “Arabists” have been women and men who spent a lot in their lives residing and dealing within the Arab international as diplomats, army attaches, intelligence brokers, scholar-adventurers, and academics. As such, the Arabists exerted substantial impact either as occupation diplomats and as bureaucrats in the country division from the early 19th century to the current. yet over the years, as this paintings exhibits, the gang more and more misplaced contact with a swiftly altering American society, becoming either extra insular and headstrong and displaying a marked tendency to claim the Arab standpoint. Drawing on interviews, memoirs, and different respectable and personal assets, Kaplan reconstructs the 100-year heritage of the Arabist elite, demonstrating their profound impact on American attitudes towards the center East, and tracing their decline as an inflow of ethnic and nearby experts has reworked the country division and challenged the ability of the outdated elite.

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He was traveling to a diplomatic conference in South America.  . indd 45 8/4/11 4:53 PM 4 The Aid Begins T he Foreign Assistance Act provided funds for the Marshall Plan, officially known as the European Recovery Plan (ERP). Unlike most previous aid given to Europe, these funds would not be handouts. Rather than giving cash to the Marshall Plan countries, the United States would provide aid in the form of goods and services. The ERP would buy these goods and services—almost all of them from American companies—and ship the goods (or supply the services) to people and companies in Europe.

The Netherlands created additional farmlands through land-reclamation projects. indd 61 8/4/11 4:54 PM 62 THE MARSHALL PLAN Greece began a training program to teach olive-farm workers new skills so that they could get better-paying jobs. The ECA also began approving reconstruction projects. For example, Italian automaker Fiat asked for ERP funds to build a plant because its management wanted to develop and produce a new car model. The ECA agreed to fund the project if the Italian government and the automaker agreed to certain conditions.

S. allies in Western Europe. S. goods and services. S. economy. Third, the administration wanted to make sure that the United States would not be drawn into a third world war. It worried that the economic and political turmoil in Europe could lead to another armed conflict. The increasing popularity and success of communist parties in Western European countries—as well as the threats posed by the Soviet Union’s growing strength in Europe—unsettled most Americans. State Department employees worked many late nights drafting the Marshall Plan legislation.

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