By Miira Tuominen
This ebook deals the 1st synoptic learn of the way the first parts in wisdom constructions have been analysed in antiquity from Plato to overdue old commentaries. It argues that, within the Platonic-Aristotelian culture, the query of beginning issues used to be taken care of from targeted issues of view: as a query of the way we collect simple wisdom; and as a query of the premises we might instantly settle for within the line of argumentation.
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Additional info for Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind)
Sameness and difference are such general notions which are presupposed in all practices of argumentation and they are necessary even for the humblest forms of concept formation. , the Sophist and the Timaeus) is that these general notions cannot be acquired from experience but are presupposed by any meaningful general experience: it is impossible to group together observations without these general notions. Like the method of hypothesis, the method of collection and division is so loose that one might wish it to be more rigorous.
W,el2qrarnp could be rendered ‘strongest’ (‘most powerful’ could also do)30 and it should be taken to refer to the hypothesis’ superior explanatory power. ) 29 30 Gentzler (1991, 271). ‘Healthiest’ has also been suggested; see Gregory (2000, 90). THEORIES OF ARGUMENTATION 27 The connection between the method and search for explanations is quite clear in the context. , that this stick here is equal to that stick over there). Explanatory power also gives us a criterion for choosing the statements the truth of which one is to evaluate by the method.
For a discussion of Socrates’ inductive arguments, see R. Robinson (1941, 35–50). Aristotle in fact says (Met. u¢l %/iqr3,gp), namely inductive arguments and definitions. 14 For a distinction between ‘intuitive induction’ and complete enumeration of instances in Plato’s views on argumentation, see Robinson (1941, 37–40). 13 THEORIES OF ARGUMENTATION 21 In the early dialogues Plato makes a contrast between Socratic elenctic arguments and the sophistic or eristic ones. 4a. 15 The answer to this question depends mainly on how the arguments in the dialogues are reconstructed.