Epistemology

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By Tom Rockmore, Beth J Singer

The controversy over foundationalism, the perspective that there exists a few safe origin upon which to construct a method of wisdom, seems to were resolved and the antifoundationalists have a minimum of quickly prevailed. From a firmly ancient strategy, the publication strains the foundationalism/antifoundationalism controversy within the paintings of many vital figures—Animaxander, Aristotle and Plato, Augustine, Descartes, Hegel and Nietzsche, Habermas and Chisholm, and others—throughout the background of philosophy. The participants, Joseph Margolis, Ronald Polansky, Gary Calore, Fred and Emily Michael, William Wurzer, Charlene Haddock Siegfried, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Kathleen Wallace, and the editors current good the range, curiosity, and roots of antifoundationalism.

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To do so he introduces, without quite announcing what he is doing, fundamental premises about human nature. These premises, which will permit the defense of justice, are partially in disagreement with those in terms of which injustice had been defended. These premises are: the natural desire of humans is for self-sufficiency ([369b]; this opposes the Thrasymachean assumption that humans naturally desire to outdo each other [359C]); this desire for self-sufficiency can be satisfied only in association with fellow human beings; and humans naturally differ in ability (37oa-b).

Ected with the formalization of geometry, the result of which was Euclid's work. In this enterprise and the reflection upon it, axiomatization was not only highly developed and implemented but also projected as the paradigm for all knowledge. Hence, Aristotle's treatment of knowledge in the RONALD POLANSKY Posterior Analytics is generally supposed linked with the formalization of geometry. The ideal of knowledge grounded in pellucid principles inspired by geometry often returns in the history of philosophy; it became quite strong in our own modern period of philosophy.

87 (p. 60 in the German pagination). 39. , pp. 40, 41 (pp. 18, 19 in the German pagination). 40. , p. 250 (p. 206 in the German pagination); cf. pp. 43-44 (pp. 22-23 in the German pagination). The Limits of Metaphysics 39 41. See Edmund Husserl, CartesianMeditations, trans. Dorion Cairns (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1960), Introduction and First Meditation. I have benefited here from the account in Charles B. Guignon, Heidegger and the Problemof Knowledge(Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1983), chap.

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