Epistemology

Download An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.) PDF

By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

A brief account of the philosophy of information for college students analyzing philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a common creation to these drawn to the topic. Jennifer depended on examines the character of philosophy as a subject matter for examine and means that it has sensible use in addition to highbrow allure because it is anxious with constructing our realizing via serious appraisal of the suggestions we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr relied on additionally appears to be like on the process of a few of the top philosophers of the western global to the philosophy of information. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters largely interested in the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises a few of the techniques and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.

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For Euthyphro begins by asserting that a thing is holy because the Gods love it, but he is so questioned that he comes to acknowledge that this is not the case, the holy is loved because it is holy; it is not holy because it is loved. It would be as well to read the text carefully, and then to re-read it after looking at the commentary which follows it. EUTHYPHRO: Well, I would say that the holy is this, what all the gods love, and the opposite, what all the gods hate, is unholy. SOCRATES: We shall soon know better, my dear fellow.

His texts were rediscovered piece-meal, and they do not ·have the elegance and 'flow' of Plato's writings. Also, and this is a difficulty in common with Plato, they are written against a very different intellectual background from our own. It was a pre-Christian and relatively primitive society and this difference in background makes it necessary to be wary in interpreting the text. Nevertheless, Aristotle's works can only fill us with respect and admiration. He is one of the 50 INTRODUCTION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF KNOWLEDGE great philosophers who have had an influence on all subsequent thought and who have affected far more people than those who have read him.

Austin aims to show the various different ways in which the word sets snares for the unwary, and he wants to stress that 'real' is not unique in this respect. He uses 'real' as an example, but he makes many general points about the meanings of words: Words may be substantive-hungry in that they require attachment to a noun, or substantive, in order to be understood. ', my question cannot be properly understood unless the nature of 'it' is known. ' it is not necessary to know what 'it' is in order to understand the question.

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