By Nancy Stanlick
American Philosophy: The Basics introduces the historical past of yankee inspiration from early Calvinists to the recent England Transcendentalists and from agreement idea to modern African American philosophy. the main query it asks is: what it really is that makes American Philosophy exact? This vigorous and compelling e-book strikes via key sessions within the improvement of yankee idea from the founding fathers to the transcendentalists and pragmatists to modern social commentators. Readers are brought to:
* one of the most very important thinkers in American background together with Jonathan Edwards, Thomas Paine, Charles Sanders Pierce, Thomas Kuhn, Cornel West and lots of extra
* advancements in 5 key components of suggestion: epistemology, metaphysics, faith and ethics, social philosophy, and political philosophy
* The contributions of yankee ladies, African-Americans and local Americans.
Featuring feedback for additional interpreting and assuming no past wisdom of philosophy, this can be a terrific first creation for somebody learning or attracted to the background of yank thought.
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Additional info for American Philosophy: The Basics
The traditional view was that the Earth was the center of the universe and mankind was the ultimate creation on it. Being the “chosen” creation on the planet at the center of the universe, human beings were taught by the authority of the Church that everything was created for them, by God, and that the meaning of it all centered on humans, God, and salvation. The heliocentric theory challenged all that. Scientiﬁc discoveries of various kinds sent a signiﬁcant shock through Western society. Faith in the truth and authority of the past was weakened by exploration of lands and contact with people previously unknown to Europeans.
According to Locke, we have God-given natural rights to life, liberty, and property. It is a matter of convenience and expediency to establish government to ensure that one’s pursuits are made 33 34 THE ENLIGHTENMENT REVOLUTIONARIES possible. Paine and Jeﬀerson, both following Locke’s lead, put emphasis on the right to revolt against a government that violates our rights. To violate one’s rights is to violate human autonomy and dignity. In this, Adams also agreed. His view was that a representative government is conducive to the eﬀective realization of dignity and the proper practice of morality and industry.
Jeﬀerson took sections of the Bible he held to be true, consistent, and ﬁt for belief and put them into a volume of his own (The Jeﬀerson Bible) that included only the sections of the Bible he thought indicative of true Christianity. REVOLUTIONARY ETHICS, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY Franklin’s position on ethics was simple and straightforward: it is up to individuals to create themselves and to be the best people they are capable of becoming. In “typical American” fashion, he set out to show how it could be done.