By Raymond B. Hames and William T. Vickers (Auth.)
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Additional resources for Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians
On another dimension short-rooted varieties are distinguished from long ones. Women prefer short-rooted varieties, they say, because they are less work to harvest. If these prefer ences were acted on one would expect to find mainly short-rooted, white varieties in the gardens, but this is not the case. Rather, it is the variety of manioc types that is striking, in any garden. When I asked men why they planted such a diversity, I got similar replies. " This is a better answer than it appears at first, because the Machiguenga do enjoy diversity for its own sake.
Korinti 30. koriti 31. koviriki 32. kuri 33. kuro Gossypium barbadense Annona sp. Oryza sativa Hibiscus sp. Theobroma cacao Coffee arabica Allium sp Gynerium sagittatum ? Coca Peanut Sugar cane 14. intsipa 15. iratsipini ivinishi kasanL·ri kemi kepia Scientific name 7 Erythroxylon coca Arachis hypogaea Saccharum officinarum ? Inga sp. 7 7 Citrus limon ? Sedge (piri-piri) 7 7 7 Dichromena ciliata and Cyperus sp. Mentha spicata Cymbopogon citrarus Cucurbita sp. 7 7 Barbasco Barbasco Lonchocarpus sp.
As the fire burns itself out in one part of the garden, they move to start it farther on, until the whole garden has had a chance to burn. About half of the gardens do not bum well, and individuals express their disappointment and anger when this happens. A poorly bumed garden is full of rubbish that must be mounted into piles for reburning, and all the weeds that have sprouted or regenerated since the clearing are now tough 2 MACHIGUENGA GARDENS 39 and well-entrenched and will require extra weeding.