Download A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology by Jorge J. E. Gracia PDF

By Jorge J. E. Gracia

This is often the 1st accomplished and systematic conception of textuality that takes under consideration the correct perspectives of either analytic and Continental thinkers and in addition of significant ancient figures. the writer exhibits that almost all of the confusion surrounding textuality is the results of 3 components: a too-narrow figuring out of the class; an absence of a formal contrast between logical, epistemological, and metaphysical matters; and an absence of right grounding of epistemological and metaphysical questions about logical analyses. the writer starts off with a logical research of the inspiration of textual content leading to a definition that serves because the foundation for the differences he as a consequence attracts among texts at the one hand and language, artifacts, and artwork gadgets at the different; and for the class of texts in accordance with their modality and serve as. the second one a part of the ebook makes use of the conclusions of the 1st half to resolve many of the epistemological matters that have been raised approximately texts by means of philosophers of language, semioticians, hermeneuticists, literary critics, semanticists, aestheticians, and historiographers.

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Likewise, in the case of performative texts, such as 'I apologize,' the primary function of the text is not to produce understanding but to perform a certain actin the example given, the act of apologizing. The same could be said about certain poetic texts, whose reading produces the sort of aesthetic experience that goes well beyond understanding. Indeed, I am even willing to accept that the production of some texts may be intended primarily, or even solely, for the experience of an emotional release in their authors.

Consider written text 1. This written text is constituted by the semantically significant marks which are actually made on the paper; the text is the actual picture given there, composed of ink marks drawn and arranged in a certain way to convey some specific meaning. But the meaning of that text is something that is neither material nor composed of marks made by ink on that particular page. Indeed, the meaning of texts 15 is the same. Thus, sameness of meaning cannot < previous page page_14 If you like this book, buy it!

But to be a rational individual and to be an animal are two different things, for it is possible that there can be animals that are not rational and rational individuals that are not animals. For the sake of simplicity, I shall refer to the entities that are used as signs as entities that constitute the signs and I shall refer to the signs as being constituted by these entities. Thus, in the earlier example, the circle drawn on the sand constitutes the letter that results from using it in certain ways.

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