Epistemology

Download A Companion to Kant's ''Critique of Pure Reason'' by Karl Aschenbrenner PDF

By Karl Aschenbrenner

Presents touch upon the 1st of the 3 basic sections of Kant's Critique; the analytical, the dialectical, and the methodological. The analytical part runs from Kant's creation to just about the top of the Analytic of rules, and is anxious with the character, foundations, and the bounds of empirical wisdom.

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The examination of the pretensions of pure reason to knowledge outside or beyond experience, to a priori knowledge in short, comes down to just this question about the possibility of synthetic a priori judgments. We may make this clearer to ourselves if we raise similar questions about other judgments; Kant did not explicitly raise these questions since they answer themselves in the framework of the Critique. The questions are: How are synthetic a posteriori judgments possible? How are analytic a priori judgments possible?

He may therefore be saying that we must not identify the act of combining 7 and 5 with the result of the act, 12. Would it be compatible with what Kant says to regard 7+5 as a kind of command, thus: "Combine 7 and 5"? This would not at the outset reveal the outcome, which might in principle be novel or surprising. Only the carrying out of the task would reveal the result. Unfortunately, this interpretation, while seeming to account for the difference of the two members, (7+5) and 12, would be useless, since obeying an imperative yields nothing one can judge to be true.

In point of the order of time as ordinarily experienced, E2 precedes E-| : we do not first have sense data and then build rocks and trees of them nor does Kant think so. Rather, in this sense, we first find ourselves in a familiar world of phenomenal objects and processes and then by a process of analysis uncover various "ingredients" such as sense data. But in point of the order of ground, E. precedes E2. This is the order that the deduction of the categories lays bare : the order of the construction of the appearances in E2 proceeds from component,or ingredient intuitions through the processes of synthesis to objects and processes familiar to the light of day.

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